Sites and Attraction

Markos Sites and Attraction Aug 17, 2021

Attraction Sites in Oromia

Oromia has a lot to offer to tourists: numerous historical and cultural heritages, attractive scenery, variety of endemic and common wild life and bird species, whole year-round pleasant climate, rich fauna and flora, important archeological sites.

Cultural Sites

Some of the cultural Trips in the regions are Irreecha Hora Finfinne, Irreecha Hora Har-Sadi, Irreecha Arfaasaa, Gumi-Gayo, and Yaa'ii Me'ee-Bokuu. The Oromo people peacefully celebrate one of the most important Oromo cultural holidays, Irreecha, on the begining of October. Each year, massive crowds gather in Finfinnee and Bishoftuu for the annual festival.

The festival is a spectacular show of cultural, historical, and natural beautification in their full glory at the height of the season. It has spawned somewhat of a science of knowing just when the blooms will peak at blooms and decline, depending on the wind, rain, and sunshine they get. The event is very important for the nation as it brings the nation together and helps to connect and share experiences in their day to day life.

Religious Sites

Some of the Religious tourist attraction sites in Oromia are Adadi Mariam Church, Kulibi Gebriel Church, Monastery of Debre Libanos, Zikual Abo Monastery, Dire Sheikh Husein, Gohatsion Mariam and Washa Michael Churches and Debretsion Mariyam Church.

Lakes and Rivers

The Ethiopian Rift Valley, which is part of the famous East African Rift Valley, comprises numerous hot springs, beautiful lakes and a variety of wildlife. Each lakes has its own special life and character and provides ideal habitats for the exuberant variety of flora and fauna that make the region a beautiful and exotic destination for tourists.

Most of the lakes are suitable and safe for swimming and other water sports. Besides, Lake Abijyata and Shalla are ideal places for aquatic bird watchers. Most of the Rift valley lakes are not fully exploited for tourist purposes except Lake Langano where tourist class hotels are built. The Rift valley is also a site of numerous natural hot springs and the chemical contents of the hot springs are highly valued for their therapeutic purposes. It is considered as one of the most ideal areas for short time visitors in Ethiopia. The hot springs in Waliso and Sodere (about 114 km south west and east of the capital respectively) are popular attraction sites for their medicinal and recreational values.

Palaces and Caves

4 Kilo Palace rests on 40,000Sqm of land and it contains myriads of historical buildings and plants. For generations, it has been viewed as the epicenter of political power, where the most powerful family in the land resides. The renovated compound incorporates several sights of interest to visitors, including an arena, a playground, a zoo, Aquarium, three churches, House of Royals and an imperial banquet hall.

Aba Jifar Palace is the most important heritage site in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia, and a symbol of Oromia cultural identity. Located on the outskirts of the city of Jimma, the capital of the region, the current Palace was built by King Aba Jifar II in the 1880s on a site located seven kilometers north of Jimma and chosen by the King's father. The Kingdom of Jimma grew to prominence due to its control of the caravan routes with the Kingdom of Kaffa to the south, and its connection to ports on the northern Somali coast, which linked it to major trade routes crossing the Indian Ocean.

Kumsa Moroda Palace is located in Nekemte Town, western Oromia. The Palace was Built by the third King of Wellega king Kumsa Moroda in 1870s. It was the living palace and dministration office at the time. The Kumsa Moroda Palace has only recently been opened to the public after long years of neglect. It sits 1km north of the museum and served as residence to the prominent Worra Bekere family until they were hauled off to Addis Ababa during the Derg. The compound consists of around 10 buildings, and admission includes a guide who can explain what each building was used for.

Sof Omar Cave is one of the most spectacular and extensive underground cave systems in the world. Formed by the Wabi River, as it changed its course in the distant past and carved out a new channel through limestone foothills, the Sof Omar system is an extraordinary natural phenomenon of breathtaking beauty. The cave which is now an important Islamic Shrine, was named after the saintly sheikh Sof Omar, who took refuge here many centuries ago, have a religious history that predates the arrival of the Muslims in Bale - a history calibrated in thousands of years.

Laga Oda Cave got its name from its riverside location surrounded by Oromo people sacred tree named Odaa. It is seven kilometers away from the main highway linking Dire Dawa to Harar. The road to it is a standard gravel road leading about 30 km. It is situated near a river on a steep cliff partly covered by bushes. The cave faces west and measures 60m high, 3m width and 4m depth. It looks like a two story building with painting on both the upper and lower floors.

The paintings in Danaba cave demonstrate cattle, human and other symbols of which the hump-less longhorn cattle is dominant. In addition, other domestic animals like sheep, goats, camels and dogs are drawn on the walls. There are also wild animals like giraffes, ibex (the wild mountain goat) and rabbit are painted in the walls and floors. As well, style wise humans are depicted in an H shape while the symbols include sun-like figures

National Parks

In the Bale National Park various endemic animals can easily be seen, such as Mountain Nyala, Bale Endemic Wolves, while the adjacent Harenna Forest has wild dogs, lions, and the Bale Monkey. The Bale Mountains play a vital role in climate control of the region by attracting large amounts of orographic rainfall, which has obvious implications for livestock and agricultural production. Some 600 - 1,000 mm fall annually in the lower altitude areas, while 1,000 - 1,400 mm fall in areas of higher altitude, and over 12 million people from Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia are dependent on water from the Bale massif.

Awash National Park, the oldest and most developed game reserve of its kind in Ethiopia, consists mostly the east African plain games except Giraffe and Buffalo. It is home to the Oryx, Kudu, Caracal, Aardvark, Columbus Monkey, Green Monkeys, Baboons, Leopard, Klipspringer, Hippo, Semarang's Gazelle, Gravy's Zebra and Cheetah. The Park is also a natural sanctuary of numerous bird-species, some of which include Limburger, Wattle Crane, Angus Buzzard, Evreux Eagle and long eared owls. Water Fowls, Shore Birds and the colorful Ruddy Shelled Duck as well as the endemic Blue-winged Goose are common in the marshy areas of the park.

Borana National Park is most important for bird watchers. You can also see Burchell's & Grevy's zebras, Ostrich & Gazelle easly. The Park can be visited either from Addis Ababa to Yabello then to the Park or combined with the Omo Valley Tribes of South Ethiopia.

Abijata - Shalla Lakes National park is located in the heart of Rift valley, near Langano, 225 kilometers south of Addis Ababa and comprises 887 square kilometers. Different kinds of water birds such as greater and lesser flamingos along with white-necked cormorants, several species of herons, storks, spoonbills, African ducks, gulls and Sterns can be seen around the these lakes.

Unity Park located within the National Palace of Ethiopia , embodies generational legacy of Ethiopia And Ethiopians. The park opened by Prime minster Dr Abiy Ahmed to the public on October 10, 2019. The renovated compound incorporates several sights of interest to visitors, including an arena, a playground, a zoo, Aquarium, three churches, House of Royals and an imperial banquet hall.

Dhati Welel National Park, is the home of the largest numbers Buffalo and Hippopotamus of all the national park in the region and Ethiopia.

Swayne's HartebeestSwayne's Hartebeest can easily be seen along with other plains animals in the Senkele National Park near Hawasa, and further to the South end, Borena National Park, combines wonderful scenery with a variety of bird life, Zebras and other wildlifes.

In Babille Elephant Sanctuary, some 40km east of Harar, it is possible to see elephants and other game.

Oromia is a paradise for Ornithology. There are about more than 800 species of birds known to occur in Oromia, 15 are found exclusively within the state's boundaries. Most of these birds are widely distributed, mainly on the western and southern highland plateau. Many of the semi endemic birds - like Thick-Billed Raven, Wattled Ibis, Black Winged Love bird and White Collared Pigeon- are notably common over extensive areas of the plateau.

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